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غُلَافُ كِتَابِ الْخِدْعَةِ الْصُّهْيُودِيمُوقْرَاطِيَّةِ VII

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The American Imperial Grand Strategy


Dr. Ahmed El-Meadawy

9 April 2008


Imperialism, Oil and the Middle East:


      The Europeans have learnt from the destructive imperialist wars between their nations, which have ended with the World War II, to divide the world’s colonies among themselves according to their relative strengths, and with the co-operation with the United States of America, the new imperialist world leader. France was humiliated by the easy and fast German victory of the World War II. The French could not liberate their land without the British and American alliance. Then, the Charles De Gaulle government came and killed one million Algerians who wanted the same freedom the French wanted and got by luck. The French (with the British) invaded Egypt in 1956 to stop its support for the Algerian liberation movement, and helped Israel to invade Sinai. The colonized nations of Africa and Asia have defeated the European colonial powers with the help of the former Soviet Union and became free. The Europeans were much smarter than their victims. They left local client regimes to rule their nations on behalf of the defeated European masters and their new imperial leader, the USA. The most successful policy has ever been divide and rule. They divided the Arab land into smaller countries with local client rulers, created the state of Israel, and planted the seeds of continuous wars in the Middle East. This has exhausted the Arabs’ resources, who became the weakest victims of Imperialism in the whole World. The Arabs have failed to use the strongest strategic card they have (the oil), in addition to the Suez Canal, the strategic geographical location, and the large population of approximately 300 million, to develop and to stop and remove the Israeli cancer from the Arab body. Their armies are disarmed and used only to suppress the local populations.


      The Middle East is the most important source of petrol in the modern time for the Human civilization and the industrialized nations. It has been, since the end of the World War II, under the American control, as the USA has replaced Britain as the leader of the Imperialist (western free) world. This control has guaranteed the free flow of cheap oil to the industrialized nations during the Cold War years (1945-1990) without any political concessions to the Arabs in their struggle against the Zionist imperialism. The occupying American and allied forces in Iraq and the United Arab Emirates are ready to defend (occupy) the Arab oil wells in case of any threat to the uninterrupted flow of the oil to the USA and its allies. The American consumption of imported oil will increase from 10 million barrels a day (53% of the local consumption) in 2001 to 17 million barrels daily (65% of local consumption) in 2010. The most significant oil exporters to the USA are Canada (the largest exporter), Saudi Arabia (second largest), and Venezuela (third). The current Bush administration has failed to overthrow the current hostile president of Venezuela (Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías). The existing oil resources will not fulfill the American demand in the future. New resources are needed such as the occupied Iraq and the Caspian See oil reserves in Azerbaijan and. Kazakhstan. The invasion of Afghanistan has secured a land pipe line to transport the Caspian See oil. Iraq currently provides only 4% of the imported American oil, but it has the third largest oil reserves in the World. The Persian Golf has provided the States with 20% of its total oil imports, which was 12% of the local demand for the year 2003.


The Only Super Power:


      The United States has succeeded in destroying the former Soviet Union in 1991 by pushing the arms race to its maximum and pumping billions of dollars into the (American) military industry which led the Soviets to do the same to maintain a strategic balance with NATO. The weak Soviet economy could not keep up with the military and local population needs, so it disintegrated, leaving the USA to be the sole remaining superpower at the end of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st centuries. Although the Soviet Union was not an Engel empire, it left many victims of Imperialism including the Arabs without any alliances to protect themselves. The Arabs are currently powerless against the Zionist, American, and European imperialist plans to swallow more of their lands and resources. This is happening with a complete collaboration of the ruling client regimes in the Middle East, the seeds that the old European masters have planted decades earlier.


      Before the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the Americans have succeeded in destroying several obstacles to their complete Domination of the World. Those were the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) and the Arab Nationalist Movement under Nasser’s leadership, who ended 75 years of British occupation of Egypt (1882-1956), and was one of the most important NAM leaders. The purpose of that organization was to protect the sovereignty and security of its 188 members (2007) from imperialism, colonialism, neo-colonialism, racism, and all forms of foreign aggression, occupation, domination, interference or hegemony, and great power and block politics. The Arab defeat by the Israelis, supported by all American/European Imperialist powers, in 1967 destroyed the Arab Nationalism. Its purpose was independence and unity of the Arabs and protecting their own interests against that of the American, European, and Zionist Imperialism. Sadat, Egypt’s president from 1970 to 1981 and the founder of the modern Egyptian client regime, played a decisive role in disarming the Arabs against the Israeli continuous militarization and highly developed nuclear arsenal. He and his family received in return financial rewards from his American and European masters. Another NAM leader, President Sukarno of Indonesia (1945-1967) was overthrown by another American agent, President Suharto, who killed 500,000-1,000,000 of the Indonesian people in support of the American policies in South East Asia. The fall of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, another important American agent in the Middle East, by the Iranian Revolution in 1979 increased the importance of the imperial American alliance with Turkey, Israel, and the Arab client regimes for the American control of the Middle East and its vast oil reserves.


Death of the Only Super Power:


      The size of the American economy has decreased from half of the world’s total economy in the fifties of the past century to 20-25% currently. The European and Japanese economies and currencies are improving continuously at the expense of that of the Americans. The Chinese economy is growing by 10% (approximately) yearly, and is expected to replace the American economy as the World largest within the next 20 years. Although Russia suffers from political, economical, and social chaos, it is still a nuclear super power capable of the complete annihilation of the USA and the whole World. Its vast oil and gas reserves increases the Russian influence on the European countries, as they increasingly depend on Russian energy supplies. China owns a nuclear deterrent and spends on the modernization of its military and nuclear arsenal as its economy grows. India is a nuclear power and a future economical super power. South East Asia’s economies are growing continuously and expanding their share of the World’s economy. The military spending of all those countries increases with their economical growth. Future alliances between those powers against the USA are possible. The USA fears a potential future alliance between Russia, China, and Iran. It is expected that the USA is not going to be able to keep its position as the World’s largest economy for more than a few decades to come, and probably its military superiority, too.


      All those economical powers are competing to secure the limited natural resources available including the most important, energy (oil), for their growing industries. The American allies such as the Germans, French, and Japanese do not need the American military protection anymore, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the end of the cold war in 1990, and the defeat of communism by capitalism. As those nations would like to establish or reestablish their own empires, the only cards left in the hands of the USA are its military superiority and still its largest economy, but for a short term.


      The American superior troops are deployed across the globe to secure the sources of the limited natural resources, and the most important of all the oil, and their transport routes. This allows the USA to control the economies of the competing industrial nations. This policy is an American declaration of its intension to protect its position as the World’s sole super power. Nuclear weapons can, also, be used to impose the American will upon the Globe, as the current President George W. Bush, has clearly announced to prolong the period of the American domination of the World. The policy of invasion and occupation is applied only against the weakest nations such as the Iraqis and Afghanis. The intimidation is not applied against nations with significant deterrents, such as North Korea with its nuclear weapons.


      Current and future imperialist countries are dealing with the American madness with patience and cautious, as they develop and grow their economies slowly but surely and with self-confidence, leaving the current World’s only super power to disappear slowly. Germany, France, China, Russia, Japan, and other powers have not challenged the recent American stupid military adventures, after the NATO countries have fallen into the American trap of September 11th, 2001, and contributed to the invasion of Afghanistan to please the American imperialist master.


      Before the Soviet Union has collapsed, a new political conservative group has emerged in Washington, the Neoconservatives, to which Roland Reagan and the current President G. W. Bush have belonged. This group has succeeded in formulating the American foreign policy for the new century, which has been published on 17 September 2002. The core of this policy is the use of the American superior military to dominate the world and its natural resources, as the USA fears the growing power of other countries with growing economies expected to replace the US as the largest economy in the next few decades.


      Europe imported in 2002 42% of all its oil imports from the Middle East and North Africa. This figure was 72% for Japan, 76% for the Pacific Asian countries except the US, Canada, Japan, and China, and 39% for China. This shows how the economies of those countries depend on the oil supplies from the Middle East, and to a greater extent than the US. The American control of the Middle East, the energy resources, and its routes of transportation is controlling the economies of those countries and their policies. Occupation of the Middle East is a part of the mentioned American policy, as almost all the ruling regimes are clients to the USA and its European allies, without any legitimacy from their nations. Revolutions are expected as the Islamic revolution in Iran occurred in 1979 responding to the American imperialism in that country. The American troops in Iraq and the United Arab Emirates are completely ready to invade the neighboring Arab countries to secure the oil wells.


      Wars are essential element of the new American imperial strategy. The invasion of Afghanistan and Iraq were not meant to be a temporary measure, but a long-term occupation, to allow the US troops to be centered in the different and important parts of the world to consolidate the American hegemony over the World. This, also, allows the American troops to exercise wars continuously, and to be always ready for new invasions and wars. American weapon systems are tested. Trillions of dollars are earned by the banks that lend the American Government to wage wars, by the military industry, by the oil companies and by the politicians with connections to those industries and businesses. American oil companies have currently exclusive access to the Iraqi and Caspian Sea oil fields. Exxon, the largest American corporation has earned 40 billion dollars last year.


      When the USA prepares for an invasion of a weak nation such as the Iraqis or Afghanis, it does not announce the real reasons for the invasion, but other fake ones to fool the local and international population with help of the American and allied international media. In the western fraudulent and efficient democratic world, the media plays a decisive role in deceiving the local and world population. It helps the imperialist governments to spread fake reasons and information to prepare the locals and world nations for the upcoming imperialist policies, wars, invasions, and conflicts. Note that the democratic world is most proud of its freedom of expression and freedom of press.


The New American Imperial Rules:


        During the cold war, the military and nuclear balance between the communist and capitalist worlds has prevented any direct military conflict and nuclear wars that could have destroyed the entire World many times. The decisive element of that balance was the nuclear deterrent of each block. If a super power would have launched its nuclear missiles against the other one, the attacked block had the capability to retaliate and launch its atomic missiles against the attacker. The result would have been a complete annihilation of both parties. This balance and mutual nuclear deterrent capabilities has prevented nuclear wars and direct conflicts between the super powers and maintained the world peace in general.


The Neoconservatives have pioneered the development of new technology “The Star Wars”. The American military satellites are supposed to shoot down any nuclear missile fired at the USA or its allies. Lots of money has been spent on research to develop such technology, although it has not yet succeeded. The aim of such aggressive policy is to disturb the world nuclear balance and stop the current nuclear powers such as Russia and China from the ability to use their nuclear deterrent against an American nuclear attack. A success of the Star War Technology would stop such nuclear powers from being able to retaliate against any American nuclear attack. This means that nothing would stop the USA from using its atomic weapons against any other nation; America will fear no retaliation. Do not forget that the USA is the only country that used necessarily atomic weapons against another non-nuclear nation (Japan) in 1945. Furthermore, the current American President has declared that he is willing to use nuclear weapons against other non-atomic nations defying American interests. The US government spends already on the Star War Technology more than it spends on its Foreign Ministry. Poland and the Czech Republic have already agreed to host the Missile Defense Shield on their territories neighboring Russia. The USA military spending ($600.00 billion a year) equals half of the world total spending on arms or the total military spending of the next 15 countries following the USA.


      The American new Grand Imperial Strategy seems to be leading the World to arms race and destruction. Anyhow, this strategy currently aims to invade the weakest nations without significant deterrents such as Afghanistan and Iraq. North Korea has succeeded in protecting itself from potential attacks by the Americans by developing its own nuclear deterrent. Iran would like to follow North Korea steps to protect itself from the American imperialist aggression; as the USA would like to attack Iran before it succeeds in developing its nuclear deterrent. Iran possesses the second larges oil reserves in the World. Its invasion would allow the American control of more energy sources and satisfy the American hunger for more power and imperialism, but seems to be pushing the World to more destruction and madness. The land invasion of oil resources and the threat of war against Iran have pushed the world crude oil prices to world records and the world economy to a recession.


      The budget deficit of the current Bush Administration has reached 9 trillion dollars ($9,000,000,000,000.00). The former administration of Bill Clinton had left a surplus of 4 trillion dollars. It seems that the Bush administration has spent over 13 trillion dollars on its wars on the illusive terror. A very few sectors of the American economy has profited from the American wars. Now, the American economy is facing recession, and the Dollar is continuing to lose its value against all other major currencies, as the current administration has concentrated only on the realization of its new Imperial Strategy and the invasion of other powerless nations. Who is going to pay the American Government debts? Is it the common American citizen, who has been deceived by the government and media to benefit just the very few Bush allies? Who is going to face poverty, unemployment and recession?


      A corner stone of the New American Imperial Strategy is to prevent other nations from building up its military capabilities, nuclear deterrence, and technologies. This would constitute a barrier against the complete American hegemony of the entire world. Only the USA has the right to possess nuclear weapons and the right to use them as it pleases. The role of the United Nations has diminished as the US is formulating its rules as it goes.


      Most the World’s nations, currently, consider the USA as the gravest external threat facing their security. The only solution to counter that threat is to own weapons of mass destruction to form a viable deterrent against any American aggression, as North Korea has achieved.


Freedom of Expression and Freedom of the Press (Democracy?):


      Many Americans support the American wars oversees, as the mass media do not inform the public about the real causes of those wars, provide false information or just parts of the truth, and support the general imperial policy. This mass media have helped the American Government to create the illusion of September 11, 2001, and brain washed the general public. Freedom of expression and freedom of the press do not inform the public about the American imperial plans of its global hegemony desires over the world’s nations and resources, and the price to be paid. Those mass media give no free information, but only information that suite the owners of the mass media and politicians’ campaign financiers. Those are the people who rule within what is called democracy, the only class that has the freedom to express themselves and enforce only their interests by all means available. They own the democratic institutions and the ruling politicians, and receive the financial rewards of their control over democracy. Those forces have convinced the American public with the illusion that their country is under threat from Moslem fundamentalists. Anyhow, there is a basis for such illusion, as the master imperialist has invaded, stole, corrupted, and terrorized Moslem nations and their lands allover the world. Therefore, the greatest homeland must be defended against the barbarians, an argument used by all imperial powers of all times. The defense starts their at the terrorists’ homelands to prevent them from reaching the imperial homeland. The public of the democratic countries are victims of their rulers’ fraud. Aggression, invasions, corruption, lies, robbery, death, and destruction are advertised as defense. The Vietnam War was defense of freedom, not aggression! For such illusive freedom, 3 million Vietnamese and 58 thousand American lives have been lost, in addition to the mutilation of hundreds of thousands or may be millions  of human beings, the destruction and the land poisoning of many countries involved in the American freedom adventure. It is not a joke that the consecutive American governments, since the end of that war, have declared that the Vietnam War as an aggression against America, which deserves compensation for the Americans. The invasion of Iraq is liberation of the Iraqis from the Butcher Saddam Hossain, who, by the way, was created, armed and financed by the Americans and their allies. On 23 March 2008, the number of American soldiers killed in Iraq has reached 4,000 and the same number of Iraqis has reached one million.


      The free democratic press does not inform the public that the democratic civilized western world has created Saddam Hossain and many hundreds of his peers allover the world to serve the imperial democratic western world’s interests with similar casualties as in Iraq. It does not tell that Saddam was asked by the Arab client regimes on behalf of the American government to invade Iran. He was financed by those regimes and armed by the freedom and peace loving Americans, Europeans, and Soviets.


      The democratic free press does not tell either that Saddam was supplied with the tools to produce the gift gas, Anthrax, (a weapon of mass destruction) to use against the Iranians and his own civil populations, the Kurds, by Donald Rumsfeld, the American Defense minister who launched the war against Saddam’s weapons of mass destruction. The war instigated by America against Iran lasted 8 years and killed over a million people and destroyed both countries. The same press does not mention that the American Government has tricked him again to invade Kuwait in 1990, to destroy him, after loosing control over him. How democratic is that?


      The same free press does not report that the CIA created, financed, and armed the Taliban and Al Qaida of Afghanistan to destabilize the former Soviet Union and other unfavorable regimes. It does not tell the world that invading Afghanistan is not a fight against the illusive and fake terror, but to build a pipe line to transport the oil of the Caspian Sea, which is one of the richest World oil reserves in Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan. The Taliban regime refused granting that right to the USA. So, America has gotten its war. It does not report, also, that the ruling class considers the American death and injuries are just a moderate investment into the future of the oil, arms and banking industries, the main and may be the only beneficiaries of the wars on terror. Do not forget the corrupt allied politicians working on behalf of those businesses.


      Was the invasion of Iraq not because of its arsenal of weapons of mass destruction (WMD)? Did the USA not show the whole World at the Security Counsel the proof, satellite images of the alleged production sites of the WMD? Did the invading democratic armies not find such weapons? Have the democratic Americans and their allies changed the war cause to liberation and democratization in stead of security of the free world? Have you noticed that invasion comes first, and then a reason can be found, as democracy moves ahead? The mass media covers up the real reasons for wars, and brain wash the public with false information supporting the corrupt politicians.


      Have you noticed the shameless declaration of the American President and many American politicians that America is morally superior because of its respect of human rights, freedoms, and dignity? At the same time, the American Government practices “Rendition”, kidnapping of civilians from allover the world and delivering them to client regimes to torture them for information on behalf of the CIA, which keeps the client regimes up dated with all torture methods available. Have you ever noticed the happiness, jokes, and playfulness of the current US President, George W. Bush, Jr., facing the media and other heads of states, as if he does not feel the burden of the dying and mutilated Americans, Afghans, and Iraqis of his oil wars, the suffering of 49 million Americans without health coverage, the continuous destruction of the environment, mainly by the US activities and leadership, the current US recession, the increase of food prices allover the World, and the suffering of most humans on Earth?


      The democracy theory assumes that the free press and freedom of expression are the controls of the democratic institutions, as they uncover abuses and corruption. Voting for politicians by the public is another power given to the masses over the rulers. That theory is blind for the facts that the media is not free for everyone, except the ruling elite, and that the voting public is brain washed by the same bias media. People vote according to the information made available to them, some of which are false and others are only a part of the truth. Other information is hidden to deceive the public and affect their free opinion and votes.


      So, if the media is not free, and there is no freedom of expression, except under the shower, is there any democracy?


      What about the role of money within the most precious system “democracy”? Is democracy good at all with the freedom of money to support whoever will return the favor and co-operate with the corrupt system?


      In many democracies, the party or candidate with the highest number of votes wins the election; this number could be as low as 29%, for example. A minority government rules over 71% of a public, who has not voted for such a government. Is this a democracy or dictatorship? In other countries, a coalition must be built among different parties to represent over 50% of the voters. In most cases 51% is legitimate. What about the 49%, who did not voted for those parties? Who represent them?


      In all democratic countries, there are 1-4 parties, mostly only 2, exchange ruling the populations since the establishment of the democratic system. No other independent political powers can win an election and rule. Those parties are tools of the richest and most powerful. They receive all financial support they need to win elections and to form the public opinion. In most cases supporters finance all competing parties because it does not make any difference who wins and who rules. All will do their best to please the donors.


      Is democracy a highly sophisticated game of corruption, in which people are fooled and think that they hold the power in their hands? Is the theory of democracy an illusion as communism has been, but much more sophisticated, so that it is still alive? Is it just a modern feudalism?

Is it the highest from of deception, as the public is the victim and supports its exploiters? Is it a legal Mafia?


      No doubt that the prosperity of the people within the modern western democratic countries is a decisive factor of the laziness of their minds and actions.


      Is that the democracy needed to be spread allover the World?




Alex Callinicos: The Grand Strategy of the American Empire. 97 International Socialism Journal. 2002. http://pubs.socialistreviewindex.org.uk/isj97/callinicos.htm

Joe Bassani (Colonel, United States Army): Saving the World for Democracy, An Historical Analysis of America’s Grand Strategy in the 21st Century. Faculty of the Joint Advance Warfighting School in partial satisfaction of the requirements of a Master of Science Degree in Joint Campaign Planning and Strategy. http://www.jfsc.ndu.edu/college_resources/JOR/Grand_Strategy/American_Grand_Strategy.pdf

John Bellamy Foster: A Warning to Africa: The New U.S. Imperial Strategy. Global Research.ca. 24 March 2008.

Noam Chomsky: Dominance and its Dilemmas. Boston Review. October 2003. http://www.chomsky.info/articles/200310–.htm

Noam Chomsky: Hegemony or Survival. America’s Quest for Global Domination. First Owl Books Edition 2004.

Noam Chomsky: Preventive War “The Supreme Crime”, Iraq:Invasion that will Live in Infamy. Le Monde Diplomatique, 11 August 2003. http://www.user.dccnet.com/welcomewoods/sunshinecoastpeacegroup/chomskymonde11.08.2003.html

Non-Aligned Movement: Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-Aligned_Movement

Rodrigue Tremblay: Propaganda of Fear: Another War for Israel, Oil, and Partisan Politics? May 15 2006. TheNewAmericanEmpire.com

Sarkozy: We are stronger together http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/politics/7313570.stm

Edward S. Herman and Moam Chomsky: Manufacturing Consent, The Political Economy of the Mass Media. Vol. 26,000. Pantheon Books, New York. 1988, 2002.

Ryan McGreal The Game: Setting Up the Board. 4 March 2004. http://www3.sympatico.ca/taylormcgreal/newsletter014.html





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American Terrorism!


American Democracy???


Dr. Ahmed El-Meadawy

7 November 2007


Slaughtering the Natives:


        America was created by massacring the aboriginal people and stealing their land, after they have inhabited the American Continents for 20,000 years. When Christopher Columbus invaded America in 1492, there were 40-90 million natives. 2-18 lived in North America, and the remaining lived in Central and South America. In 1900, only 250,000 survived the slaughter in the USA. 100,000 lived in Canada. The European invaders brought new diseases to the natives that helped eliminating them. This is why invading Palestine by the Jewish immigrants, stealing their land, killing, and starving the Palestinians does not contradict with the western democratic civilized European/American imperialist thinking.


Enslaving Humans:


        In 1562, the Portuguese started the profitable slave trade, and competed with the Spanish, French, Dutch, and English in enslaving inhabitants of Western Africa to work in the new American colonies, of course, for free. By 1672, the English defeated all their competitors in the “Black Gold” trade. Female and male slaves and children were transported separated from each other, completely naked, and packed without any room for movement until arriving to the slavery landAmerica”. On the transporting ships, they stretched their hands to food upon sign from their holders, and swallowed upon another signal. When the slaves load arrived at the eastern coasts of America (Maryland and Virginia), slaves were offered to the buyers naked. Mothers and children were sold to different masters using the wipes. Slaves were offered the least amounts and worst quality of food, allowed the least period of time to sleep, and forced to work hard long hours. Many died. Wiping was the way to force them accepting their slavery status. They had to do whatever their masters wanted them to do. Punishment for escaping was wiping, burning, and confinement in chains. Slaves were used in farming and mining. America’s wealth was created from the sweat of the African slaves’ free work. Slaves’ children were slaves automatically. White masters took them to work inside their homes. Slaves remained slaves for life according to the American laws. They were inherited as possessions. They did not have the right to own anything. In 1638, the price of an African slave was $27.00, and the daily wage of a European worker was 70 cents.


      European invaders of the African Continent encouraged local tribes to wage wars against each other and then selling the prisoners as slaves. Another way was kidnapping peaceful inhabitants, and hiring Africans to manage the slavery process. European invaders gave African collaborators weapons to defeat their foes and sell the defeated prisoners. Collaborators feared becoming slaves themselves, if they had not collaborated with the Europeans. 50% of the African prisoners died during enslaving and shipping them to America.


      European colonial masters convinced themselves that enslaving the Africans and forcing them to Christianity is better than leaving them for their indigenous religions and to live in peace. The criminal, thieve, or murderer does not say he/she is a criminal, but find some moral reasons for committing crimes.


      Americans have always believed that America is the land of freedom and equality of citizens although they enslaved 10-11 million Africans. Anyhow, the slaves were not citizens. America would not have achieved such economical success without enslaving the African people.


      Enslaving Africans encouraged the Europeans to believe that the white man is superior to others. This helped the spread of racism in the modern time. The white masters taught their slaves to despise their original African culture and history. This led the Europeans to divide humans into different races to find a moral reason for invading, colonizing and enslaving other humans. Europeans/Americans wanted, also, to be morally superior.


      Between 1861 and 1870, the American slaves were freed and given citizenship and the right to vote (only for men) after long and bitter struggle for freedom. White Americans in the southern states hated to be equal to their former slaves and used terror to prevent implementing the new laws and to separate the Africans from the white Americans. They wanted them to stay with the aboriginal people at the bottom of the society. Laws were produced to prohibit African Americans from being in the same place with white Americans and practicing the same activities. This segregation lasted until the sixties of the last century.


The Nuclear Terror:


         The USA, under President .Harry Truman, has been the only country/nation that has used atomic bombs against another nation. The first bomb was dropped on the seventh largest Japanese city, Hiroshima, on 6 August 1945. 60,000-70,000 were killed instantly and 140,000 were wounded. The fatal atomic radiation reached 100,000 civilians. Another 70,000 died during the following five years.


       A second nuclear bomb was dropped on Nagasaki on 9 August of the same year. 42,000 died immediately, and 40,000 received the lethal atomic radiation. The number of the dead reached 70,000 by the end of the year.


       The USA spent $2 billion on the atomic bomb research. American, British, Canadian, and Jewish scientists were involved. 120,000 workers contributed to the project in total. The Germans were lucky to have been defeated, before the American atomic bomb was ready for use.


Six Million Casualties of the Vietnam War!


       The American governments have always justified all their imperial wars against other nations with the banner of fighting for freedom. This has resulted in 6 million American, Vietnamese, and other Asian dead, wounded, or disabled. 58226 American soldiers were killed; another 304,000 were injured or disabled. The war lasted 11 years (1965-1975), and ended by the humiliating defeat of the American mighty military by a poor and underdeveloped nation. The cost for the American tax payers was $150,000 billion. Profits went to the weapon producers and banks that lent the government the money to finance its wars, and to the politicians working on behalf of the war profiteers. The Pentagon, also, likes wars to keep busy and to test its new weapons in the real life. It seems that what prevented the American Government from using nuclear weapons to save itself from the humiliating defeat was the possession of the same weapons by the Soviet Union and China, which were Vietnamese allies. This was the Cold War policy of mutual deterrence. A superpower could not use its arsenal of weapons of mass destruction without expecting retaliation from the other superpower of the same kind.


Terrorizing the Arabs:


         The Europeans invaded what they have called the Americas, slaughtered most of the aboriginal inhabitants, stole their lands, and enslaved West Africans to create their wealth for free. This barbaric habit included the theft of Palestine, killing its native inhabitants, throwing them out of their inherited land, allowing Jewish migrants to replace, murder, steal, torture, starve, and humiliate them during the past 60 years. The new imperial body has been named Israel, which has killed with cooperation of the Europeans and Americans over 100,000 Palestinians, since 1948, to force them out of their land.


       The American, European, and Israeli plan for the Arabs and their lands is long and complicated. On 19 March 2003, the United States and many of its European allies invaded Iraq to prevent it from possessing weapons of mass destruction, but the invaders have not found such weapons, although the American Government has assured the entire World of the evidence that Iraq had acquired them. The war for the illusive weapons of mass destruction has killed 3842 of the American soldiers and 665,000 Iraqis (31 October 2007). 4.5 million Iraqis have become displaced inside and outside Iraq. Those American and European killers are very proud of their democracy and respect of human rights. They believe that they are morally superior to other nations because of that. Wars for oil and money do not reconcile with human rights, but the democratic mass media make it possible. Freedom of press and freedom of expression within the democratic world make it possible to reconcile the imperialist western free World policies of killing and destroying other countries and nations for the oil with respect of human rights, freedom and democracy. The reason for the declared wars should be more diplomatic than the truth, such as preventing rogue regimes from possessing weapons of mass destruction and democratizing undemocratic countries and nations. But, what is wrong with possessing weapons of mass destruction? The Americans and Europeans give themselves the right to possess them, and the right to destroy others. Others do not have the right to defend themselves, and are not mature enough to play with such dangerous weapons. The American and European mass media make the point clear. Freedom of press is just one way. Of course, others are free to express their opinions under the shower, outside the mass media that constitute the most effective tool of the democratic game. American and European democracy and free media have reconciled human rights and civility with wars, massacres, destruction of countries, economies, and nations. American and European politicians and officials stand in front of the “free media” to lecture the entire World about democracy, human rights, freedom of press and expression. All of us, citizens of the same World listen carefully and learn from the masters like monkeys.


       The same “free pressdoes not show you the real suffer of the wars’ victims in Palestine, Iraq, and Afghanistan. You do not see the dead, mutilated, and disabled from the aggressors and the victims alike. Remember, it is a free media one way only. It shows only the suffer of the victims of the World Trade Centre, but not that of anyone else. The citizens of the so called free world fail to understand the brutality of the attackers. The advertised reason for that is not to offend the sensitive feelings of the monkeys receiving the free education (brain wash). The same monkeys go to the poles to vote for their leaders, according to the education received from the media. They vote for politicians who send their sons and daughters to murder and destroy, to get killed and disabled for life, take their tax money and spend it on wars that profit a very few of the big companies and politicians, reduce social services and welfare of the society, and practice all sorts of corruption unpublished by the free media. Soldiers of the aggressors are heroes, not murderers. Their victims, well, what victims? No one talks about them. Invasion is liberation, aggression is freedom, and lying is democracy and freedom of press and expression.


       Wars are crimes, unless they are literally, defensive. Wars destroy life, nations, communities, countries, and economies. Wars do not reconcile with respect for human rights and freedoms. Wars are violation of human rights and freedom.


Destruction of Afghanistan:


         With help of the Saudi and Pakistani intelligent services, the CIA created the Moslem fighters (Mujahedeen) in Afghanistan to destabilize the Communist Regime that took power in Afghanistan in 1978 and the Soviet occupation supporting that regime. This project included recruiting and training thousands of Moslem youth from outside Afghanistan including Osama Ben Laden. The costs were hundreds of millions of dollars. On 7 October 2001, the USA invaded that poor country to allow the American oil companies, especially Halliburton, which was led by Dick Chaney (the current American Vice President), to put their hands on the oil and gas reserves of the Caspian Sea by building a pipe line to transport them through the Afghani land. The Taliban regime, ousted by the invasion, had refused granting the American companies the right to build the mentioned pipe line. Aside of the profits going to the American companies and corrupt politicians, acquiring the Caspian Sea oil and gas reserves secures the oil supply for the growing American economy and its allies, as the Middle East is unstable politically and militarily. Plans to invade Afghanistan started much earlier than the attacks on the World Trade Centre on 11 September 2001. Some believe the 9/11 was an operation that was completely designed and performed by the CIA.


The CIA Terrorism:


         In 1953, the CIA succeeded in removing the democratically elected Iranian Prime Minister, Muhammad Mosaddeq, as the British coup d’état has failed to eliminate him. He implemented policies increasing his country’s returns from its oil fields at the expense of the BP’s profits, the British oil company that monopolized the production of the Iranian oil. At that time, the importance of the oil for the economies of industrialized nations was obvious for the imperial powers such as Britain and USA. With help of a military coup d’état, the CIA installed Mohamed Reda Bahlawi to act as an Agent for the Americans and its allies. He robbed his nation, killed, tortured the Iranians, and supported the imperialist policies of the USA and its European allies in the Middle East. This resulted in the Iranian revolution in 1979.


       In 1954, the CIA removed the democratically elected Guatemalan President using a military coup d’état. The installed client regimes killed over a hundred thousand of the Guatemalans during the next 40 years.


       In Haiti, the CIA installed Papa Doc Duvalier, who, also, killed over a hundred thousand Haitians.


       In Zaire, the CIA assassinated the democratically elected President Patrice Lumumba and installed Mobutu Sese Seko, who murdered and robbed his people.


       In 1963, the CIA played a key role in the assassination of the American President John F. Kennedy. In the same year, it removed the democratically elected President of the Dominican Republic, Juan Bosch.


       In 1964, the CIA removed the democratically elected Ecuadorian President, Arosemana. In the same year, the CIA used the usual military coup d’état to remove the Brazilian democratically elected Joao Goulart government, and installed a client regime. It trained assassination teams for that regime to remove dissidents.


       In 1967, the CIA removed the democratically elected Indonesian President, Sukarno, because he cofounded the Non-Aligned Movement. For being not an American ally, the CIA financed and supported a coup d’état led by General Suharto that ousted President Sukarno. The allied General with America killed 0.5-1 million Indonesians in support of the American policies.


       In 1967, another CIA coup d’état installed a military regime in Greece, that murdered and tortured dissidents. The Greek Ambassador in Washington protested to President Lyndon B. Johnson, who replied: “Fuck your parliament and your constitution”. Johnson was one of the conspirators who assassinated the former American President John F. Kennedy.


In Bolivia, the CIA assassinated Che Guevara.


       In 1975, the CIA replaced the democratically elected Chilean President Salvador Allende and replaced him with General Augusto Pinochet, who murdered 3,000 dissidents and tortured tens of thousands.


       The CIA achievements are more than the above mentioned examples, but prove “the democratic commitment” of the American state to democracy and respect of human rights in all parts of the world. What matters really for the American policy makers is not  the American interests but the interests of the few ruling groups of interests, which brain washes the voting majority using the “free” mass media that the interests of the very few are the interests of the whole nation.


       Currently, the CIA kidnaps civilians from all parts of the globe, especially allied European countries, and sends them to client regimes in Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, “Syria”, and other countries to be tortured on behalf of the CIA to gain information about American dissidents in the entire world. But, why does not the CIA do the dirty job itself, especially, it is the master, who taught most of the third World regimes the arts of torture? American laws do not allow torture. Notice the level of civilization, civility, sensitivity, and respect of local and international laws by the American rulers.


       Former American Presidents, George H. W. Bush, and Bill Clinton, were CIA agents. Hundreds of journalists, also, work for the CIA. But, they provide the public at the same time with the service of free information and holding the Government accountable. CIA employees commit crimes, but are not punished. It is a crime to expose a CIA agent.




         Europeans immigrated to what they named the Americas and became Americans. They practiced all kinds of terrorism, such as decimating the aboriginal inhabitants and stealing their land, enslaving millions of Africans, and waging wars for financial gains in order to create the present American “civilization” with its democracy, respect of human rights, and freedoms, but only within the USA. However, they call their victims terrorists. European/Americans turned the Middle East into Hell by destroying Palestine, Iraq, and Lebanon, and supporting most third World murderer and corrupt regimes. They call them moderate regimes.


       Have a look at democracy from within. It is ruled by three independent authorities: executive, legislative, and juridical. The legislative makes the laws, the executive implements them, and the juridical judges the whole society according to the above mentioned laws. The three parts constitute a legal mafia. Law enforcers, makers and judges are above the law. They do whatever they please. The only control allowed is the free media, which is not free. It is free only for its owners, the financiers who finance members of the above mentioned authorities. The hidden rulers of democracy sit at the top of the pyramid, finance and appoint members of the three authorities, which run the whole society and the world according to the interests of the unseen rulers. This is the big mafia that rules and owns democracy. It is, also, above the law. Do not forget the only control over this legal mafia is the free media owned by the hidden rulers of democracy. The free media brain wash the voting public to vote for members of mentioned mafia, who enforce the interests of the unseen owners of democracy or the legal mafia.


       Corruption and anti-corruption forces fight unbalanced fight. The anti-corruption forces succeed few times in uncovering the corrupt mafia “democracy”, but loose most of the battles to the corruption forces armed with money and “free media”.


       The American population has suffered form the Vietnam War for 11 years, as almost every family had a dead or disabled soldier. It resisted that war and succeeded in stopping it. The democratic mafia invented a better military system (the professional military), under which members of the most underprivileged classes of the society join the military as well paying jobs. When they die and become disabled, it is very difficult to blame anyone but themselves, as they had joined the military freely. Anyhow, members of the military, the mercenaries, the murderers of other nations’ sons, daughters, and children, are called heroes (free media).


       Money is a significant factor of the democratic mafia equation. Candidates with the most donated sums of money, by the illusive rulers, succeed in being elected for posts such as presidents of the state, members of parliament, governors of states, etc. Money, also, owns the mass media, which controls the whole democratic mafia process. In stead of controlling the democratic institutions and its enforcers, the mass media brain wash the public to support whatever policies benefiting the hidden rulers of the legal democratic mafia. Note that politicians and enforcers of the whole democratic process have to repay their financiers, who put them in their posts with their money.


       Former President Richard Nixon resigned as it was proven that he was spying on members of the Democratic Party (Watergate). He breached the American laws, as he and every other politician do unpunished. His grave mistake was betraying members of the democratic mafia not the American public. In democracy, there is not punishment for politicians for sending soldiers to their death and mutilation, for destroying other nations for profits, for benefiting few groups of interests at the expense of the majority, etc.


       Prosperity, achieved in part by exploiting other less developed nations, such as enslaving the Africans, and forcing coup d’états, helps the minds of the democratic voters to become lazy, as they do not have serious problems to fight for under the influence of the “free” mass media. Other voters feel the sterility of the whole regime, and know that their votes will change nothing, so they do not vote. When significant crises happen such as poverty and suffering form wars, people can affect the direction of the democratic mafia to some extent. But, the democratic mafia is always one step ahead.




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Game of Money and Destruction!

American Democracy???

Dr. Ahmed El-Meadawy

29 October 2007

Who Assassinated John F. Kennedy?

The fifty third American President, John F. Kennedy, was assassinated on 22 November 1963 in Dallas, Texas. He was 46 years old, and had spent less than three years in office. During the 45 years since his assassination until now, the consecutive American Governments have failed to uncover the assassins because the heads of the US Government institutions themselves have killed him. When a crime is committed, the beneficiaries of the victim’s disappearance are suspected. Who are those who had benefited from Kennedy’s assassination?

The Federal Reserve Bank:

The name gives the strong impression that it is the American Central Bank, it is owned by the American Government, produces the American Dollar, and regulates the American currency market. The name was designed to exactly give that impression, which is a complete fraud. It is a private bank owned by the 12 richest banking families of the World:

The Rothschilds of London and Berlin ِ

Lazard Brothers of Paris

Israel Moses Seif of Italy

Kuhn, Loeb and Warburg of Germany

The Lehman Brothers, Goldman, Sachs and the Rockefeller families of New York

This is a secret that only a very few know.

The Congress produced a bill allowing that bank to be established on 23 December 1913. Its profits are exempt from taxation. It produces all the money that the American state needs without any cover of Gold, Silver, or any other valuables. The issued currency is lent to the American Government for interest of $ one trillion a year (tax-free profit). Notice the democracy that allows politicians to produce laws that benefit their interests and the interests of their financiers. Former President Woodrow Wilson and his allies were behind the approval of that law.

According to the American Constitution, the American Government is only allowed to issue the American currency. Why, then, it does not perform such a constitutional role and save a $ trillion loss every year? This what John F. Kennedy had done, when he issued a presidential decree No. 11110 on 4 June 1963 (4 months before his assassination) ordering the Ministry of Finance to issue the American currency according to the American Reserves of Gold and Silver available. This would have allowed the production of 4.3 billion dollars, enough to pay the American debts to the Federal Reserve Bank, causing that bank to go out of business, increased the strength of the American economy and the prosperity of the American citizens, and saved $ 9 trillion for the American Government from the time the decree was issued until now, if the law had not been cancelled by another conspirator, Lyndon B. Johnson. After Kennedy was assassinated, all the Money that was printed by the American Government was withdrawn.

The Federal Reserve Bank, also, raises and lowers the interest rate, causes inflations, recessions, or prosperity, and collects the profits resulting from those policies. The mentioned bank caused the American, recession started in 1929, as it refused to provide the loans needed to overcome the economical crisis, causing the fall of the value of all company shares. The same bank bought those shares at one tenth of their original value.

In 1913, the same year the Federal Reserve Bank was legalized, the Congress produced another bill obliging the American citizens to pay taxes in order to pay the interest on the money produced and lent to the American Government by the same bank. American citizens were not taxed before that bill.

The strongest and richest interest groups in the USA, especially the richest bank owners, weapon producers, etc., donate money to the candidates of the available (two) parties to finance their election campaigns. Politicians with the largest sums win the elections, and then pay back their masters, who put them in their positions by producing laws that benefit their interests. In many cases donors finance all competing candidates with the same result of benefiting the interests of such groups. This game includes American Presidents, States’ Governors, members of Congress, and all other levels of government. Former President John F. Kennedy was an exception, as he had disappointed his financiers and wanted to serve the interests of the American public at the expense of a few interest groups. This exception does not seem to have been repeated again. Kennedy’s brother (Attorney General with Kennedy’s Government) and his son were assassinated for the same reasons.

Kennedy’s assassination was a bold warning to all upcoming presidents and politicians not to repeat what he had done. Anyhow, Kennedy’s assassination was not the first in the American history. President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated in 1865 for the same reasons.

Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson:

Johnson was President Kennedy’s Vice President, and was being investigated for involvement in 4 crimes (murder, bribery, and armed robbery). As a result, he was not going to be included with President Kennedy for the candidacy of the 1964 election as a vice president. This meant not only that he had no hope to be a future president himself, but most probably, he would have ended in jail. The disappearance of President Kennedy had led to the appointment of Johnson as the next American President according to the American constitution. This position was not only the strongest in the USA, but, in the entire World. In a moment, Johnson has become himself the “law” itself, the “law enforcer”, and in charge of all the powerful American institutions. If Johnson had not been one of the conspirators or the most important one to kill President Kennedy, his presidential powers would have allowed him to uncover the mystery, find the conspirators, and bring them to justice. This has encouraged all other conspirators to continue the adventure to the end, as they were protected by the President of the United States of America.

The first thing President Johnson did, after swearing the oath of office on the presidential plane, Air-Force One, was to cancel Kennedy’s decree No.: 11110, that had empowered the American Government to produce its own money instead of the Federal Reserve Bank. This cancellation had put the same bank, again, in charge of producing and lending the dollars to the Government, and profiting a trillion dollars a year. Three witnesses of the crimes Johnson was accused of, before becoming a President, were assassinated.

Head of the FBI, J. Edgar Hoover:

Hoover was head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the relevant institution that had the authority and obligation to find the conspirators and to bring them to justice. In stead, the FBI officers collected all home movie tapes recorded by the American public of President Kennedy’s assassination in his open motor cage. Those tapes have been destroyed, for ever. Who would do that except the murderer himself? 200 witnesses of Kennedy’s assassination were themselves assassinated, before they could tell what they knew. Hoover knew the desire of New Orleans crime boss, Carlos Marcello, to assassinate Kennedy, but failed to report that to the FBI, Attorney General, and the Secret Service until the assassination occurred. President Kennedy did not have the intention to renew Hoover’s appointment as the FBI chief.

The Vietnam War Profiteers:

Former President Kennedy had planned to end the Vietnam War and to withdraw all US troops in 1965. That war brought huge profits to the Federal Reserve Bank and other banks that lent the US Government the money needed to finance the war, to the American arms producers/dealers, and involved politicians. Therefore, President Kennedy had to disappear to continue the war and its profits. Three million Vietnamese have lost their lives for the American invasion for freedom, the banner under which America launches all its imperial wars. Note that the six million Vietnamese, American, and other Asian dead and disabled victims meant nothing for the American war and profit equation. This war was ended in 1973 under the tremendous pressure of the American public, and against the wishes of the politicians and their allied war profiteers.

Head of the CIA, Allen Dulles:

President Kennedy was provided with false information by the CIA in regard to the invasion of Cuba, which he did not support. The same organization, also, assassinated the South Vietnamese dictator Ngo Diem without Kennedy’s approval. He considered the CIA as a state within the state with exaggerated powers, and wanted to break it down into smaller and weaker units. Allen Dulles did not like the idea of reducing his powers and became one of the beneficiaries of the President’s assassination. Later, he was chosen to be on the commission investigating the assassination and helped destroying the evidence and burying the truth.

Former President Gerald Ford

At that time, he was a member of the Congress and of the Warren Commission appointed by President Johnson to investigate President Kennedy’s assassination (theater). He faked the report content to protect the conspirators with the approval of all other commission members. Ford, also, spied against the commission members on behalf of the FBI Head, J. Edgar Hoover, and the upcoming President Richard Nixon. He was rewarded by including him as a Vice President candidate with Nixon. Nixon and Ford won the election, and became President and Vice President. After the scandal of Watergate and the resignation of Richard Nixon in 1974, Gerald Ford became the President. He issued a decree pardoning Nixon for breaching the American laws.

Who Destroyed the World Trade Centre?

On September 11, 2001, 19 members of Al Qaida hijacked four commercial airplanes with 166 passengers and crew members, after they had subdued 8 pilots and all the flight attendants using paper cutters. The two planes took off from Boston and changed their directions to collide with Towers 1 and 2 of the New York World Trade Center with ultimate precision. 2998 people were killed. A third plane took off from New York, flew to Ohio, and then returned to the Capital, Washington, to explode into the Pentagon, according to the official reports of the American Government.

Six of the deceased pilots were former military officers and knew how to defend themselves. The occupancy rate of the mentioned planes was 20% in stead of the usual rate of 75%.

The mentioned three planes were flown with ultimate accuracy to change directions and to hit their exact targets, which was difficult even for professional pilots. The hijackers received very primitive flight training according to the American Government, which could not have been enough for controlling the planes with such precision. Every plane contained 2 (indestructible) black boxes recording the conditions before the crash and designed to withstand severe conditions. The American Government reported that all the black boxes were destroyed.

North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) defends the North American Aerospace against any possible attack such as nuclear missiles or hijacked airplanes. It is supposed to be the most sophisticated air defense in the whole World. In the case of hijacked airplanes, fighter jets accompany, and shoot them, if they would pose a threat greater than the lives of the passengers they carry. On September 11th, 2001, none of those fighter jets has taken off from the military air bases surrounding the Capital. The American Government knew that the two planes were hijacked for 36 and 43 minutes before they hit the World Trade Centre Towers I and II. That time was enough to shoot them down to protect the US capital city and area. This shows that the American Government knew exactly what the targets of the planes were, and it did allow it to happen. It is, also, clear that the NORAD was immobilized during the attack on the Capital.

The heat resulting from the two planes’ collision with the World Trade Towers was much less than needed to melt the steel frames of the Towers, which were designed to withstand a Boeing 474 collision, and the 21-meter deep underground steel columns of the bases. The planes collision with the Towers could have not caused their fall down inside wards as in controlled demolitions. The collapse of the Towers I and II was an artificial demolition, which requires calculated amounts of modern explosions to be attached to exact points of the buildings and their steel columns. Explosions are ignited at different times in an exact sequence; the building would fall down on itself in a matter of moments, upper floors first then lower ones in an exact sequence. The mass media aired only the governmental fake story. It is owned by very few interest groups, the same that “appoint” the Government. Experts believe that advanced explosions such as RDX or C-4 were used for the artificial demolition, and reacted with the buildings’ components, so that they were turned into white dust at destruction. Tower No. 7 fell in the same way, although it was not hit with anything. There is no single evidence that the Pentagon was hit by anything. FBI agents collected all security cameras’ video tapes around the Pentagon in the same manner they did with the videos taken by the public for the assassination of John F. Kennedy. Those films have never been seen. The demolition debris was removed from the crime seen right away without any forensic examination.


Anthrax was sent to and killed six Americans. The quality used could only have been produced in the USA. 18 scientists, who probably had contributed to its production, disappeared between 1 and 20 of November 2002.

Senator Paul Wellstone demanded a formal investigation of the events of September 11, 2001 to be conducted. On October 25, 2002, he and his family were killed in a plane accident. The American Government has not released the reasons of the accident.

Israeli employees working at the World Trade Centre did not go to work on the day of the attack. Others were arrested filming the Planes’ and the Towers’ explosions. This means that they knew in advance the time, place of what was going to happen.

Afghan War for the Caspian Sea Oil Reserves:

The Taliban movement was created and supported by the Pakistani Intelligent Service on behalf of the CIA to fight the Soviets and then to defeat all other competing Afghani fractions to rule Afghanistan supreme. On the 15th of August 2001, Taliban officials were negotiating with UNOCAL in Texas the rights to build pipelines to transport oil and natural gas from the Caspian Sea fields (one of the World’s richest reserves) over the Afghani soil. UNOCAL has strong connections with Halliburton, which was led by the current Vice President Dick Chaney, directly before his appoint as a vice president candidate. The Taliban officials have refused the American offer.

The George Bush Government/oil mafia decided to invade Afghanistan to reach the oil fields. The official public reason for invading Afghanistan had to be more ethical than the oil and its profits. American Government Agencies new that Al Qaida was planning for terror attacks on the World Trade Centre and the Capital area, and that their members were being trained at different American flight schools. Orders were given to ignore such information and not to take any preventative actions to provide the reason needed to invade Afghanistan. There is still a strong probability that the American Government has planned and performed the entire terror operation, as it did murder the former President John F. Kennedy. Some experts believe that Osama Ben Laden still works for the CIA, which helped him found his organization earlier, as he provides the perfect picture of the US enemy justifying all Government domestic and foreign policies. So, his elimination is not intended or desired, but just propaganda.

The current Afghani President, Hamid Karzai, is a former employee with UNOCAL. Both have signed the deal of building the pipeline to transport the Caspian Sea oil and natural gas, which the deposed Taliban had refused earlier. The war goal has been achieved. The Caspian Sea oil reserves in American hands with huge profits to American oil companies. Do not forget the billions of Dollars of profits to the arms producers and banks that lend the American Government to finance its wars. The American Government has spent $600 billion on the Afghanistan war. Experts believe that the total cost will reach $2.4 trillion. The American budget deficit has reached 9 trillion dollars recently. The Pentagon needs to test its new weapons on a regular basis in the real life (Wars).

The Bush family does business with huge profits with the Carlyle Group, assets of which are worth $76 billion. It is one of the biggest American weapon producers and has profited billions of Dollars from the American wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. The Ben Laden family, the second richest Family in Saudi Arabia, owned significant shares of the Carlyle Group, and has had a significant and profitable business relationship with the Bush family. They sold their shares after the attack on the World Trade Centre. Both families have profited from the Carlyle Group weapon sales and the wars waged by the American Government. This company hires powerful politicians such as the former American President Georg Bush, senior, James Baker, his Secretary of State, John Major, former British Prime Minister, and Colin Powel, former Secretary of State with the war President George W. Bush, Junior. With such a powerful team on board, it is able to affect the American Government policies to serve its interests, open closed doors, and make enormous profits. George Bush, senior, collects capital from his friends in the Arab Golf States to be invested by the Carlyle Group in weapon production used by George W. Bush, junior, to wage wars in different parts of the World. Bush, the father, uses his influence to open the doors in South Korea for Carlyle Investments, while Bush, the son, conducts business with this country’s leaders as the President of the USA.

On 11 September 2001, all American air ports were closed. No single air plane was allowed to take off, except the planes carried President George W. Bush’s friends, 24 members of the Ben Laden family and 118 of other Saudis. The total Saudi investments in the USA are $860 billion (6-7% of the total American assets) with deposits of a trillion dollars in the American Banks. Saudi Arabia buys its weapons from Carlyle, which trains the Saudi Kingdom Guards to protect the ruling family.

Another War for the Iraqi Oil:

On 19 September 2003, George W. Bush and America have invaded Iraq for the crime of possession of weapons of mass destruction. The American Government Officials, Secretary of State Colin Powel, lied to the entire World in front of the Security Council that there was a decisive evidence of the existence of such weapons. After the whole World discovered the American lie, the reason for the invasion has been changed to liberate Iraq from the dictator Saddam Husain and to democratize his country and the entire Middle East. Of course, the reason was not to secure the Iraqi oil for the American companies and economy. On 25 October 2007, the number of the Americans died have reached 3837 and the Iraqis 62006. 4.5 million Iraqis became homeless. In Afghanistan, 699 Americans have lost their lives. Notice: how the American democracy cherishes life.

The American Government borrows money to finance its imperialist wars. The American budget deficit has reached $9 trillion. Fact is that George W. Bush and his friends will not repay that enormous debt, but the deceived American citizens. The profits will go to the weapon producers/dealers, and the banks that lent the money to the Government. Do not forget the politicians who have shares and close business relationship with all those companies.

The American Government is the largest legal mafia in the entire World. Its purpose is to steal the American nation and other nations. Its tools are wars, assassinations, Coup d’états, lies, fraud, propaganda, mass media, and democracy games.

This is democracy, pride of the so called western free world. It seems to be the greatest fraud in the Human history.


911: The Greatest Lie Ever Sold – by Anthony Hilder. http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=6952102263921897950

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The Iron Triangle. The Carlyle Group Exposed. Shocking Documentary uncovers the Subversion of America’s Democracy, http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article3995.htm

Read Full Post »


Nuclear Israel


Dr. Ahmed El-Meadawy

1 September 2006


The Holocaust:


During the World War II from 1939 to 1945, Nazi Germany under the leadership of Adolf Hitler destroyed some six million European Jews. They were put in large sealed halls, and then exposed to toxic gases. This was the cheapest way to destroy human beings. As the victims were still alive, the Nazi soldiers shaved their heads to use the hair to fill pillows and mattresses for German use. The skins were used for soap production. Nazi scientists conducted scientific experiments on some of the victims, alive. The corpses were, then, burnt in special ovens, and converted into dust to eliminate the massacres’ evidence. The victims’ properties were confiscated by the Nazi State. Not only the Jews, but also, Romany people, Slavs, intellectuals, homosexuals, and political dissidents were exterminated by the Nazi Germans.


As the Allies defeated the Nazi Armies, occupied Germany completely, and brought the war to an end, the Nazi plans to entirely destroy the European Jews had failed. The remaining liberated Jews returned to their homes, and found that all their relatives had been murdered, and their properties stolen. They came to the conclusion that Europe could not be a home for them anymore, and decided to immigrate to Palestine and to endure any hurdles to achieve that goal, the creation of a Jewish home land in Palestine. All expected difficulties were considered much easier than what they have already endured. At that time, the Jewish organizations were very active in organizing the immigration of the world Jews illegally to Palestine, which was under British occupation.


The Jewish organizations and their allies, mainly in the USA, succeeded in convincing the world powers, especially the American president Harry Truman, to use the United Nations as an instrument to divide Palestine between the native Palestinians and the immigrating Jews. As a result of the pressure the American and many European governments put on smaller countries, a decision was made by the UN on November 29th, 1947, dividing Palestine as the Jewish Organizations wanted.


On May 14th, 1948, Ben-Gurion (the founder and first prime-minister), declared the establishment of the state of Israel. The Israelis celebrate that date and call it their independence day, while the Palestinians mourn and call it “the catastrophe day”.


Nuclear Israel:


The idea of a nuclear Israel was born with the birth of the state of Israel. The Holocaust was the justification for any measure taken by Israel to protect its Jewish population and their new born state.


In 1949, Hemed Gimmel led the Israeli search for Uranium in the Negev Desert. In 1952, Ben-Gurion created Israel Atomic Energy Commission (IAEC), and hired Ernst David Bergmann, to chair it. Bergmann, the father of the Israeli Nuclear Bomb, advocated an Israeli bomb as the best way to ensure that “we shall never again be led as lambs to the slaughter.” The IAEC was put under the supervision of Shimon Peres, the Director General of the Ministry of Defense, who had convinced Ben-Gurion to pursue, and was responsible for building Israel’s nuclear capability for some thirty years under complete secrecy.


The French Ally:


France was the first to help Israel to build the atomic bomb. This co-operation continued during the 50s and 60s of the last century. France was, also, the main arms supplier to Israel during that period.


There had been three reasons for the French support to the Israeli Atomic Project. The first one was rewarding Israel for its invasion of Sinai during the 1956 war, as the British and French armies invaded Egypt from the Mediterranean Sea into the Suez Canal. This was to weaken Egypt which was supporting the Algerian Revolution against the French occupation. The invasion was the British answer to the nationalization of Suez Canal by the Egyptian Government. The second reason was, also, rewarding Israel for spying by the Jews in Algeria on behalf of France against the liberation movement, as the Jewish in Algeria were loyal to Israel rather than to Algeria. The third and most important motive was the embargo of certain nuclear enabling computer technology imposed by the USA to prevent France form building its own nuclear bomb according to The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Israel was able to purchase that technology and heavy water from the USA, and passed them through to France.


In 1956, hundreds of French technicians flooded the Negev Desert to construct the top-secret Dimona Nuclear Reactor and a plant for the nuclear bomb production underground to elude the American and Soviet spy satellites. The reactor started to function in 1964. France provided Israel with all its needs of the technology and ingredients needed for the production of the Israeli Nuclear Bomb.


The French and Israeli nuclear co-operation included the Israeli involvement in the preproduction design of the early Mirage jet aircraft intended to be capable of delivering nuclear bombs.


Promising Israeli students went overseas to study nuclear engineering and physics at the Israeli government expense. Of the Negev Nuclear Research Center’s 2,700 workers, only 150 are allowed to enter the Holy Land’s Machon 2 nuclear bomb factory that consists of 6 floors. Machon 4 is the chief laboratory where the process for extracting the uranium found in the Negev Desert has been perfected, and a new method of producing heavy water had been developed providing Israel with an indigenous capability to produce some of the most important nuclear materials.


The British/Norwegian Allies:


In 1959 and 1960, Britain sold 20 tons of heavy water to Israel. In the 1950s and 1960s, Britain made hundreds of secret shipments of restricted materials to Israel including Uranium 235 in 1959 and plutonium in 1966. The transactions were made through a Norwegian front company called Noratom which took a 2% commission on the transactions.


Israeli Nuclear Arsenal:


In 1986, The Sunday Times, published in London (Britain), information provided by Mordechai Vanunu, an Israeli of Moroccan origin and a former employee with the Negev Nuclear Research Center. Experts used that information to estimate the size of the Israeli nuclear arsenal. It is believed that Israel was capable of producing 40 kg of plutonium annually, and atomic bombs with as little as 4 kg of plutonium for each one. That amount of plutonium was enough to produce 10-12 nuclear bombs a year. It is estimated that Israel owns 200-500 atomic bombs with boosted devices, neutron bombs, F-16 deliverable warheads, and Jericho warheads. Experts believe, as well, that Israel’s nuclear arsenal equals each of the British and French arsenals in quantity and quality, but they disagree whether it is the fifth or the sixth nuclear power in the world. The Israeli nuclear arsenal is thought to be of offensive nature and designed to be employed under the Middle East conditions. Israel, also, owns miniaturized thermonuclear bombs designed to maximize deadly gamma radiation while minimizing blast effects and long term radiation, in essence designed to kill people while leaving property intact. This would be useful for Israeli future expansions. Israel might possess 20 hydrogen bombs. A hydrogen bomb is a boosted, 100-1000-times stronger nuclear bomb than a regular one. This bomb produces immense heat and a shock wave that affects an extensive area, and despite this, it produces a smaller amount of fallout and radioactive contamination.


Israeli Nuclear Delivery Capabilities:


Israel uses short range Jericho I and medium range Jericho II missiles to carry the nuclear heads to their targets. Those missiles are hidden in underground bunkers spread all around Israel. It, also, has American made Harpoon and Cruise missiles capable of carrying nuclear heads and hitting targets 1,500 kilometers away.


In 1988, Israel began launching several Ofek satellites into orbit atop Shavit (Comet) three-stage rockets, which are derived from the Jericho II missile. The first satellite weighed about 180 kilograms; the most recent, the Ofek 5, about 300 kilograms. The satellites monitor activities in hostile states and provide intelligence. The Shavit could be converted into a long-range ballistic missile, with a range of up to 7,000 kilometers, depending on the weight of the warhead.


Israel has modified American-supplied cruise missiles to carry nuclear warheads on submarines, giving the Middle East’s only nuclear power the ability to launch atomic weapons from land, air and beneath the sea. Israel possesses hundreds of nuclear artillery shells, land mines, and low radiating neutron bombs.


In addition, Israel possesses American jets capable of carrying and delivering the nuclear heads including F-4 Phantom, F-15E, F-16, and A-4 Skyhawks. The F-16 has been the backbone of the Israeli Air Force and is the most likely candidate for air delivery of nuclear weapons. From 1980 to 1995, Israel bought or received 260 F-16s from the United States: 103 F-16As, 22 F-16Bs, 81 F-16Cs, and 54 F-16Ds. In 1999, the Israeli government announced it would buy 50 F-16Is, at a cost of about $2.5 billion. Israel will receive the aircrafts over a two-year period beginning in early 2003. Under this contract, Israel has the option to purchase 60 additional aircraft. If it does, delivery would continue through 2008.


The American Ally:


The United States first became aware of Dimona’s existence after U-2 overflights in 1958 captured the facility’s construction, but it was not identified as a nuclear site until two years later. The complex was variously explained as a textile plant, an agricultural station, and a metallurgical research facility, until David Ben-Gurion stated in December 1960 that Dimona complex was a nuclear research center built for “peaceful purposes.” As early as 8 December 1960, the CIA issued a report outlining Dimona’s implications for nuclear proliferation, and the CIA station in Tel Aviv had determined by the mid-1960s that the Israeli nuclear weapons program was an established and irreversible fact.


Richard Nixon and his chief foreign policy adviser Henry Kissinger privately endorsed Israel’s program and reached a secret understanding with the Israelis in 1969 that allowed them to pursue their nuclear program as long as they maintained a policy of deliberate ambiguity. Nixon in a meeting with the former Labor Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir pressed Israel to “make no visible introduction of nuclear weapons or undertake a nuclear test program”. His administration went to great lengths to keep nuclear issues out of any talks on the Middle East. Information on Israeli nuclear capabilities was routinely suppressed. The United States even supplied Israel with krytrons (nuclear triggers) and supercomputers that were bound for the Israeli nuclear program.


Top officials in the Reagan administration made a conscious effort to keep information on Israel’s nuclear capability from State Department officials and others who might have had concerns over nuclear proliferation issues.


The senior Bush administration sold at least 1,500 nuclear “dual-use” items to Israel, according to a report by the General Accounting Office, despite requirements under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty that the existing nuclear powers like the United States not help another country’s nuclear weapons program “in any way.”


The Israeli media reported that President Clinton wrote the rightist Israeli Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu in 1998 pledging that the United States would continue to protect Israel’s nuclear program from international pressure. According to Haaretz, “the United States will preserve Israel’s strategic deterrence capabilities and ensure that Middle East arms control initiatives will not damage it in the future. The Clinton letter provided written – if secret – backup to the long-standing agreement between Jerusalem and Washington over the preservation of Israel’s nuclear capabilities, if Israel maintains its policy of ‘ambiguity’ and does not announce publicly that it has the bomb.”


Meanwhile, Congress has for many years made it clear to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and other responsible parties that it did not want to have anything revealed in an open hearing related to Israel’s nuclear capability. A major reason is that there are a number of laws that severely restrict US military and technical assistance to countries that develop nuclear weapons. Israel is the largest recipient of US arms exports, which are highly profitable for the politically influential arms industry.


In addition, given the enormous costs of any nuclear program of such magnitude, it would have been very difficult for Israel to develop such a large and advanced arsenal without the tens of billions of dollars in unrestricted American financial support. More than simply employing a double standard of threatening perceived enemies for developing nuclear weapons while tolerating development of such weapons by its allies, the United States has, in effect, subsidized nuclear proliferation in the Middle East.


What both Republican and Democratic leaders have failed to observe, however, is that Israel remains in violation of UN Security Council resolution 487, which calls on Israel to place its facilities at Dimona under the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) trusteeship. Despite bipartisan efforts in Congress to seek repeal of that resolution, it is still legally binding. Bush and Kerry, however, believe that UN Security Council resolutions, like nuclear nonproliferation, do not apply to US allies.


Furthermore, while one could make a case for an Israeli nuclear deterrent up through the mid-1970s, Israel’s qualitative advantage in conventional forces relative to any combination of Arab states developed subsequently – resulting in large part from a phenomenal amount of taxpayer-funded arms transfers from the United States – would appear to weaken the case for a nuclear weapons development. Furthermore, Israel has an extensive biological and chemical weapons program that far surpasses those of any potential hostile powers and – combined with vastly superior delivery systems – would constitute a more-than-adequate deterrent


Like Israel, the United States has acknowledged its willingness to use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear adversaries.


The German Nuclear Submarines:


At the end of the 1990s, the Jewish state, with a coastline of 270 kilometers, acquired three German-built diesel-powered Dolphin-class submarines equipped with American-made Harpoon missiles modified to carry small nuclear warheads. The submarines were produced by the German companies Thyssen Nordseewerke in Emden and Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft in Kiel. Israel has succeeded in modifying U.S.-made Cruise missiles, capable of carrying nuclear warheads, to be launched from those submarines. With its three submarines, Israel could deploy one nuclear-armed submarine at sea at all times. The most invulnerable types of nuclear-armed sea-based systems traditionally have been submarines. The first submarine, the Dolphin, arrived in Haifa on July 27, 1999. The Leviathan joined the fleet before the end of 1999, and the third boat, the Tekumah, was delivered in July 2000. The cost of each submarine is estimated at $300 million.


Israeli Nuclear Readiness:


It is believed that Israel was able in 1966 to produce enough plutonium that allowed the assembly of 2 atomic bombs before the 1967 6-days war, during which Israel declared its first nuclear alert. The two bombs were available for use in case of an Israeli defeat.


The second Israeli nuclear alert was during the 1973 Yom Kippur War. It is reported that, fearing defeat, the Israelis assembled 13 twenty-kiloton atomic bombs, deployed, and considered using them. The Arabs may have limited their war aims because of their knowledge of the Israeli nuclear weapons. During that war, Israel used nuclear blackmail to force Kissinger and Nixon to airlift massive amounts of military hardware to Israel.


Israel entered the third nuclear alert during the Golf War started on January 18th, 1991 for the 43 days of the war, during which Saddam Hussein launched 40 Scud Missiles in 17 attacks at Israel, none of which caused any significant damage.


Israeli Nuclear Strategy:


The Israeli government refuses to officially confirm or deny that it has a nuclear weapon program, and has an unofficial but rigidly enforced policy of deliberate ambiguity supported by the United States. Both countries consider Israel a non nuclear state, when preventing other Middle East, Arab or Moslem nations from developing nuclear weapons. On the other hand, the nuclear Israeli threat is used to impose Israeli terms on those countries.


It is believed that Israel possesses all kinds known of weapons of mass destruction, chemical, biological, and nuclear. This is a foundation on which the Israeli grand strategy rests to protect its expansion policy and to force the neighboring Arab states to sign peace agreements without the return of all occupied territories. It is also used to protect the so called Arabic moderate regimes against internal instabilities. Munya Mardoch, Director of the Israeli Institute for the Development of Weaponry, said in 1994, “The moral and political meaning of nuclear weapons is that states which renounce their use are acquiescing to the status of Vassal states. All those states which feel satisfied with possessing conventional weapons alone are fated to become vassal states.


To enable Israel to abstain from dependence on nuclear arms, the United States has been providing Israel with $2 to 3 billion per year in U.S. aid. Since then Israel’s nuclear arsenal has expanded exponentially, both quantitatively and qualitatively, while the U.S. money spigots remain wide open.


The superior Israeli arsenal of weapons of mass destruction confines its interest in peace in the Middle East to only one option of dictating its own terms. Shimon Peres, former Israeli prime minister, leader of the Israeli Labor Party, Ben-Gurion’s aid, and responsible for the development of the Israeli nuclear arsenal for some 30 years, said that the Israeli nuclear power was the reason for Anwar Sadaat, former Egyptian president, to visit Jerusalem searching for peace. This comment implies that the Arab nations have no choice but to resign to the overwhelming Israeli nuclear force.


Israel intends to destroy any Arab or Moslem nuclear project, as it had bombed the Iraqi nuclear reactor in Osirak on 7 June 1981. In 1983, the former Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon proposed to India that it join with Israel to attack Pakistani nuclear facilities.


Within Israel, however, there was much debate among Israeli elites regarding the wisdom of developing nuclear weapons. Some Israeli leaders – ranging from former Labor Prime Ministers Golda Meir and Yigal Allon to former Likud Defense Minister Raful Eitan – argued that a nuclear Israel would increase the possibility of Arab states developing weapons of mass destruction and launching a first strike against Israel. Given the country’s small size, Israel might not have a credible second-strike capability. There is also the fact that most of Israel’s potential nuclear targets are close enough so that a shift in wind could potentially send a radioactive cloud over Israel.




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Gaffney, op. cit. 1989. p. 147

Gaffney, op. cit., 165.

Gaffney, op. cit., 1989, p. 34

Gaffney, op. cit., p194

Gaffney, op.cit., 1989, p 131

Gaffney, op.cit., 1989, p. 163

Gaffney, op.cit., 1989, pps. 65-66 (An alternative discussion of the NUMEC affair)

Gaffney, op.cit., p. 63

Garrity, op. cit., 92-111.

Garrity, Patrick J. “The Next Nuclear Questions.” Parameters, XXV, no. 4 (Winter 1995-96), 92-111.

Gillette, Robert, “Uranium Enrichment: Rumors of Israeli Progress with Lasers.” Science 183, no. 4130 (22 March 1974), 1172-1174.

Green, Living by the Sword, op. cit., 134.

Green, op. cit., Living by the Sword, 90-99.

Green, Stephen, Living by the Sword: America and Israel in the Middle East, 1968-1987 (London: Faber, 1988), 63-80.

Green, Stephen, Taking Sides. America’s Secret Relations with a Militant Israel (New York: William Morrow and Company, 1984), 152.

Green, Taking Sides, 148-179 and Raviv, Dan and Melman, Yossi, 1990, 197-198.

Harden, Major James D., Israeli Nuclear Weapons and War in the Middle East, Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, December 1997.

Harel, Amos and Barzilai, Amnon, “Mordechai says Arrow alone cannot protect against missiles,” Ha’aretz, 13 January 1999 (http://www3.haaretz.co.il/eng/htmls/3_9.htm).

Harkavy, Robert E. “After the Gulf War: The Future of the Israeli Nuclear Strategy,” The Washington Quarterly (Summer 1991), 164.

Hersch, op.cit., p. 131

Hersh, 1989. pp.199-200

Hersh, 257.

Hersh, op. cit., 126-128.

Hersh, op. cit., 139.

Hersh, op. cit., 1989, p. 213

Hersh, op. cit., 216, 276 and Kaku, Michio. “Contingency Plans: Nuclear Weapons after the Cold War.” In Altered States: A Reader in the New World Order, Bennis, Phyllis and Moushabeck, Michel, Eds. (New York, New York: 1993), 66.

Hersh, op. cit., 216.

Hersh, op. cit., 217, 222-226, and Weissman and Krosney, op. cit., 107.

Hersh, op. cit., 230-231.

Hersh, op. cit., 271-275.

Hersh, op. cit., 291.

Hersh, op. cit., 319.

Hersh, op. cit., 321-235.

Hersh, op. cit., p. 19

Hersh, op. cit., pp. 285-305

Hersh, op.cit., 1991, p. 319

Hersh, op.cit., p. 319

Hersh, op.cit., pp. 242-257

Hersh, Seymour M., The Samson Option. Israel’s Nuclear Arsenal and American Foreign Policy (New York: Random House, 1991), 223.

Hersh, The Samson Option, 196.

Hough, Harold, “Could Israel’s Nuclear Assets Survive a First Strike?” Jane’s Intelligence Review, September 1997, 407-410.

Hough, Harold, “Israel reviews its nuclear deterrent,” Jane’s Intelligence Review 10, no.11 (November 1998), 11-13.

Hough, Harold, “Israel’s Nuclear Infrastructure,” Jane’s Intelligence Review 6, no. 11 (November 1994), 508.

Hough, Harold, op. cit., 1998, 11-12 and Berger, Julian, “Court Fury At Israeli Reactor.” Guardian, 13 October 1997, in Center for Nonproliferation, “Nuclear Abstracts,” 13 October 1997, or on-line, Internet, 22 November 1998 (http://cns.miis.edu)

Hounman, op. cit. 1999, pp 189-203












ibid, p. 149

ibid, p. 153

ibid, p. 153

ibid, p. 312

ibid, p.198-200

ibid, p.2

ibid, p.43

ibid, pp 39-40

ibid, pp. 3-17

ibid, pp. 37-38

Ibid., 111.

Ibid., 230, 243.

Ibid., 234.

Ibid., 234-235 and Aronson, S, op. cit., 15-18.

Ibid., 262-263.

Ibid., 273-274.

Ibid., 37-38 and Friedman, Robert I. Zealots for Zion: Inside Israel’s West Bank Settlement Movement (New York, New York: Random House, 1992), 132-52.

Inbar, Efraim, “Israel’s security in a new international environment,” in Karsh, Efraim, Editor, Between War and Peace: Dilemmas of Israeli Security (London, England: Frank Cass, 1996), 41.

Israel and Nuclear Weapons How many nukes does Israel have — or need?, http://www.peaceheroes.com/MordecaiVanunu/israelnuclearweapons.htm

Israel and the Bomb Avner Cohen has provides a detailed account of of the political aspects of Israel’s nuclear history that draws on thousands of American and Israeli government documents-most of them recently declassified and never before cited-and more than one hundred interviews with key individuals who played important roles in this story.

Israel and the Bomb: Principal players. National Security Archive.

Israel Shahak, Open Secrets: Israeli Nuclear and Foreign Policies, London, 1997, Pluto Press, p. 40

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Israeli nuclear forces, 2002

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John Pike and Federation of American Scientists, Israel Special Weapons Guide Website, 2001 (http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/israel/index.html).

Jones, Meirion, “Britain’s dirty secret“, New Statesman, 200603-13. Retrieved on 200607-02.

Kaku, op. cit., 66 and Hersh, op. cit., 216.

Karsh, Efraim, Between War and Peace: Dilemmas of Israeli Security (London, England: Frank Cass, 1996), 82.

Karsh, op. cit., 86.

Karsh, op. cit., 9.

Levran, Aharon, Israeli Strategy after Desert Storm: Lessons from the Second Gulf War (London: Frank Cass, 1997), 1-10.

Levran, op. cit., 8-10.

Loftus and Aarons, op. cit., 316-317.

Loftus, John and Aarons, Mark, The Secret War Against the Jews. How Western Espionage Betrayed the Jewish People (New York, New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 1994), 287-303.

London Sunday Times, October 12, 1986

Mark Gaffney, Dimona, The Third Temple:The Story Behind the Vanunu Revelation, Brattleboro, VT, 1989, Amana Books, p. 165 (Excellent progressive analysis of the Israeli nuclear program)

Maxwell AFB AL 36112-6427k

McKinnon, Dan. Bullseye One Reactor. The Story of Israel’s Bold Surprise Air Attack That Destroyed Iraqi’s Nuclear Bomb Facility (Shrewsbury, England: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 1987).

Melman, Yossi, “Swimming with the Dolphins,” Ha’aretz, Tuesday, June 9, 1998, and “Report: Israel to get Subs with Nuclear Strike Capability,” Jerusalem Post, I July 3, 1998, 3 and Sorenson, op. cit., 543.

Milhollin, 100-119.

Milhollin, Gary, “Heavy Water Cheaters.” Foreign Policy (1987-88): 101-102.

Milhollin, op. cit., 103-104.

Nashif, op. cit., 32.

Nashif, Taysir N., Nuclear Weapons in Israel (New Delhi: S. B. Nangia Books, 1996), 3.

Nashif, Taysir N., Nuclear Weapons in the Middle East: Dimensions and Responsibilities (Princeton, New Jersey: Kingston Press, 1984), 22-23.

New Ziyyona. globalsecurity.org. Retrieved on 200607-02.

Nordeen, Lon O., Nicolle, David, Phoenix over the Nile (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institute Press, 1996), 192-193.

NRDC: Nuclear Notebook

Nuclear weapons – Israel. Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved on 200607-02.

O’Balance, Edgar, No Victor, No Vanquished. The Yom Kippur War (San Rafael, California: Presido Press, 1978), 175.

O’Balance, Edgar, The Third Arab-Israeli War (London: Faber and Faber, 1972), 54.

Obsessive secrecy undermines democracy By Reuven Pedatzur Ha’aretz. Tuesday, August 8, 2000

O’Sullivan, Arich, “New F-15I Warplanes Expand Israel’s Reach,” The Jerusalem Post, 19 January 1997 (http://www.jpost.co.il).

Ottenberg, Michael, “Estimating Israel’s Nuclear Capabilities,” Command, 30 (October 1994), 6-8.

Pedatzur, Re’uven, “South African Statement On Nuclear Test Said to Serve Israel,” Ha’aretz, 29 July 1997. On line: Internet, 22 November 1998 and Kelley, Robert. “The Iraqi and South African Nuclear W”ôNuclear Abstracts,” 1 March 1996 (http://cns.miis.edu).

Peres admits to Israeli nuclear capability. Federation of American Scientists (199807-14).

Peres, Shimon, Battling for Peace. A Memoir (New York, New York: Random House, Pry, 10.

Peter Hounam, Woman From Mossad: The Torment of Mordechai Vanunu, London, 1999, Vision Paperbacks, pp. 155-168

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Pry, op. cit., 75.

Pry, Peter, Israel’s Nuclear Arsenal (Boulder, Colorado: Westview, 1984), 5-6.

Raviv and Melman, op. cit., 399.

Raviv, Dan and Melman, Yossi, 1990, 58.

Raviv, Dan and Melman, Yossi, Friend in Deed: Inside the U.S.-Israel Alliance (New York New York: Hyperion, 1994), 299.

Raviv, Dan and Melman, Yossi, op. cit., 1990, 344-345, 422-423.

Seymour Hersh, The Samson Option: Israel’s Nuclear Arsenal and American Foreign Policy, New York,1991, Random House, p.

Shahak, Israel, Open Secrets: Israeli Nuclear and Foreign Policies (London: Pluto Press, 1997), 72-73.

Shahak, op. cit., 4-5.

Shahak, op. cit., 78-79.

Shahak, op. cit., p150

Shahak, op. cit., p34

Smith, Gerard C. and Cobban, Helena. “A Blind Eye To Nuclear Proliferation.” Foreign Affairs 68, no. 3(1989), 53-70.

Spector, Leonard S., “Foreign-Supplied Combat Aircraft: Will They Drop the Third World Bomb?” Journal of International Affairs 40, no. 1(1986): 145 (n. 5) and Green, Living by the Sword, op. cit., 18-19.

Spector, Leonard S., The Undeclared Bomb (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Ballinger Publishers, 1988), 387 (n.22).

Spector, The Undeclared Bomb, 395(n. 57).98-199

Spector, The Undeclared Bomb, op. cit., 165-166.

Spector, The Undeclared Bomb, op. cit., 179.

Spector, The Undeclared Bomb, op. cit., 396 (n. 62); Garthoff, Raymond L., Détente and Confrontation: American-Soviet Relations from Nixon to Reagan (Washington, DC: The Brookings Institute, 1994), 426, n76 and Bandmann, Yona and Cordova, Yishai. “The Soviet Nuclear Threat Towards the Close of the Yom Kippur War.” Jerusalem Journal of International Relations 1980 5, no. 1, 107-9.

Stanghelle, Harold, “Israel to sell back 10.5 tons.” Arbeiderbladet, Oslo, Norway, 28 June 1990 in: Center for Nonproliferation Studies, “Nuclear Developments,” 28 June 1990, 34-35; on-line, Internet 22 November 1998 (http://cns.miis.edu).

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Tahtinen, Dale R., The Arab-Israel Military Balance Today (Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 1973), 34.

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The Bomb That Never Is by Avner Cohen, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, May/June 2000, Vol 56, No. 3 pp.22-23

The Release of Mordechai Vanunu and US Role in Israel’s Nuclear Arsenal

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The Third Temple’s Holy Of Holies: Israel’s Nuclear Weapons Warner D. Farr, LTC, U.S. Army, September 1999

The Third Temple’s holy of holies: Israel’s nuclear weapons. The Counterproliferation Papers, Future Warfare Series No. 2. USAF Counterproliferation Center, Air War College, Air University, Maxwell Air Force Base (September 1999).

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U.S. Army Lt. Col. Warner D. Farr, The Third Temple Holy of Holies; Israel’s Nuclear Weapons, USAF Counterproliferation Center, Air War College Sept 1999 (www.fas.org/nuke/guide/israel/nuke/farr,htm)

Usi Mahnaimi and Marie Colvin, Israel Planning “Ethnic” bomb as Saddam Caves In, November 15, 1998, London Sunday Times

Usi Mahnaimi and Peter Conradi, Fears of New Arms Race as Israel Tests Cruise Missiles, June 18, 2000, London Sunday Times

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Uzi Mahnaimi and Tom Walker, London Sunday Times, February 25, 2001

Valéry, op. cit., 807-09.

Valry, Nicholas, “Israel’s Silent Gamble with the Bomb,” New Scientist (12 December 1974), 807-09.

Weissman and Krosney, 112.

Weissman and Krosney, 119-124.

Weissman and Krosney, 124-128 and Raviv, Dan and Melman, Yossi, 1990, 198-199.

Weissman and Krosney, op. cit., 109.

Weissman and Krosney, op. cit.,114-117


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